Fatehpur Sikri Agra
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The heritage site of Fatehpur Sikri is built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1571 to 1585. Situated 38 kilometers away from Agra, this is an attractive monument at Fatehpur Sikri which are a synthesis of Islamic and Hindu architecture reflecting the religious tolerance of Akbar. Tourist can enjoy seeing this magnificent city with its wonderful monuments of red sandstone and marble, built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, on tour to Agra.
Fatehpur Sikri History:- According to a historical anecdote, the great ruler Akbar though that -he has many wives but did not have a successor. Akbar went on a pilgrimage to Sheikh Salim Chisti, a Sufi saint who lived near Agra and sought his blessings. Sufi saint blessed Akbar with an heir, who he named Salim, in gratefulness of saint. Salim later identified as the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. In respect of that Sufi Saint, later Akbar transferred his capital from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri which is the best example of Hindu & Muslim architecture. Akbar also established a syncretism religion called Din-i-Illahi, which enthused some of the buildings at Fatehpur Sikri. However, the city of Fatehpur Sikri was built as a symbol of the Emperor Akbar's gratefulness to Sheikh Salim Chisti. Foundation of the city started in 1571 and was completed 15 years later.
There are some impressive structures at Fatehpur Sikri include the Panch Mahal, the Buland Darwaza, the tomb of Salim Chisti, the Jama Masjid Mosque and the life-size chessboard where courtiers could play the role of pieces. These monuments of Fatehpur Sikri have excellent architectural beauty which made it a World Heritage Site. Fatehpur Sikri is considered to be one of the premium examples of Mughal architecture in India. Tourist can see the incredible monuments of Fatehpur Sikri on tours to Agra.
After the death of Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri was abandoned because the lack of water which made it difficult to sustain in the city. Some of the beautiful architecture inside the Fatehpur Sikri is-Diwan-e-Khas entirely unique in its concept is a tall vaulted room with an intricately carved central pillar, Panch mahal a 5 storied structure rising in pyramidal fashion was perhaps used by the ladies of the court. The Buland Darwaza, an impressive gateway 54 m high was built to memorialize Akbar's victory on Gujarat. Fatehpur Sikri is also famous for its handicrafts and metal ware.