Rambagh Garden Agra
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The Ram Bagh garden Agra, also known as Bagh-i-Gul Afshans the oldest Mughal Garden in India, originally built by the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1528 A.D. Situated about five kilometers northeast of the Taj Mahal, the Rambagh garden is known because Babur was temporarily buried there before being interred in Kabul.
The Mughals were constructed number of forts, palaces, tombs and gardens. In these gardens of pleasure, the Mughal rulers tried to revitalize the image of paradise as conceptualized by most Islamic texts. One of these gardens is the Rambagh Gardens in Agra. The Rambagh Garden is planned following the Charbagh pattern which consists of four main divisions crisscrossed by paths and waterways. Water which forms a very important part of Islam is almost likened to life in these pleasure parks. The main source of water in the Rambagh Gardens is the Yamuna from which water is circulated all around the park in a series of three cascades developed over three terraces.
The Ram Bagh presents an example of a variant of the Charbagh (Paradise garden) in which water cascades down three terraces in a sequence of cascades. Two viewing pavilions face the Jumna River and integrate a subterranean 'tahkhana' which was used during the hot summers to provide aid for visitors. The garden has numerous water courses and fountains.